What’s in the bipartisan gun deal and what’s not

One of the main factors that remains to be settled in the framework agreement is how the legislation will be drafted. The announcement includes the backing of 10 Republican senators, which would give the proposal enough support to overcome the Senate filibuster – but sustaining it through the legislative process will be a tough challenge for lawmakers ahead of the next suspension of Congress in two weeks.

Still, Democrats have an ambitious goal: write the bill and keep Republicans on board before the next break, aides told CNN. Many details of the plan are still unsettled, according to an aide, who also provided CNN with a more detailed look Sunday on how some of the proposed arrangements will work.

Here’s what lawmakers included in the framework and what they left out.

Red flag laws

One of the most important elements of the framework is to help states create and implement so-called red flag laws, which aim to keep firearms away from those who pose a threat to themselves or others. This legislation would provide significant funding to help states create new red flag laws, but the 19 states – and Washington, D.C. – that already have these laws on the books would also be eligible for funding to improve the effectiveness of their established programs.

Investment in mental health and telehealth

The proposal also includes “major investments to increase access to mental health and suicide prevention programs; and other support services available in the community, including crisis intervention and recovery and trauma”.

Members will carefully pass these provisions over the next few weeks, because while Democrats consider them important, they want to emphasize that most people with mental illnesses are not violent.

Closing the so-called boyfriend loophole

The senators said the bill would address the so-called boyfriend loophole, which deals with the ability of unmarried partners to keep guns if they are convicted of violence against a romantic partner.

Earlier this year, Senate negotiators involved in the Violence Against Women Act dropped the provision over objections from the National Rifle Association, dealing a blow to Democrats. But its inclusion in that framework signals that at least 10 Republicans are ready to take on the nation’s largest gun lobby on an issue where they have a longstanding position.

Currently, only a person who has been married to, lived with, or had a child with a partner they have been convicted of abusing cannot have a firearm. Closing the loophole would mean anyone deemed to have had a serious romantic relationship and been convicted of domestic violence would no longer be eligible to own a gun.

Improved review process for buyers under 21

The other major change in the legislation is the introduction of a more thorough review process for people between the ages of 18 and 21 who are going to buy a firearm like an AR-15. As part of a background check review, the National Instant Criminal Background Check System should also contact state and local law enforcement to look for any disqualifying mental health or juvenile records, according to the Democratic aide.

NICS should call the appropriate agency that adjudicates mental health cases in each state. NICS would have up to 3 days to complete the search, but it could be extended for another seven days if the initial review raises concerns, meaning the process could take a total of 10 days.

This is not an established waiting period, as each individual’s exam can be very different, ranging from a few hours to up to 10 days.

Clarification of the definition of a federally licensed firearms dealer

The wording of this provision is still under debate, but more gun dealers who are proven to be “engaged in the firearms business” should be advised that they must register to become federally licensed firearms dealers. This is important because it means these dealerships must perform background checks under federal law.

School Safety Resources

The legislation would address an area Republicans have focused on in recent weeks: school safety. The lawmakers said in their statement that the proposal provides funds “to help put in place safety measures in and around elementary and secondary schools”, while supporting “school violence prevention efforts”. and training of school employees and students.

What lawmakers left out

Extensive background checks

Notably, the deal does not include a provision that would expand background checks for all firearms sales or transfers in the country. Currently, background checks are not required for sales and transfers of weapons by private and unlicensed sellers.

Democrats have long supported such a requirement, and last year the House passed gun legislation that would expand background checks on all commercial gun sales, marking the first congressional decision on significant gun control since Democrats won the White House and a majority in both houses of Congress. .

Assault weapons ban

Also left out is a federal ban on military-style assault weapons, another measure Democrats have pushed for in recent years, citing mass shootings involving such weapons.

Higher minimum purchase age

Additionally, the deal does not include a change to the age a person must be to purchase an assault-type weapon. Democrats, including West Virginia Sen. Joe Manchin, the most conservative Democrat in the chamber, have said the age to buy assault weapons should be raised from 18 to 21.

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